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Late 5471, 5472, 8865

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Late Filing for Form 5471, Form 5472 and Form 8865


International tax compliance is an important aspect of managing global business operations for U.S. taxpayers. Ensuring timely submission of required tax forms is vital to avoid significant penalties and potential legal repercussions. In this context, Form 5471, Form 5472, and Form 8865 might be considered among the most critical forms for U.S. persons and entities engaged in foreign business activities. Each form serves a unique purpose in reporting foreign transactions and ownerships. Accordingly, they aid the IRS in monitoring international financial activities and preventing tax evasion. 

Form 5471 is required for U.S. persons who are officers, directors or shareholders in certain foreign corporations. It provides information on the foreign corporation’s financial status and is mandated by Sections 6038 and 6046 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC)​​.

Form 5472 is required for U.S. corporations with at least 25% foreign ownership or for foreign corporations engaged in a U.S. trade or business. This form is regulated under Section 6038A and 6038C. It aims to report transactions between the U.S. corporation and related foreign parties​​.

Form 8865 is used by U.S. persons with interests in certain foreign partnerships which is legislated under Sections 6038, 6038B and 6046A. It includes information similar to that required on Form 1065 for domestic partnerships​​.

All three forms are interrelated in their purpose of providing the IRS with detailed information about the international business activities of U.S. persons and entities. They ensure transparency in transactions involving foreign entities and help prevent tax evasion through offshore accounts.

Submission Deadlines and Potential Penalties

Form 5471

Form 5471 must be attached to the filer’s income tax return and submitted by the due date, including any extensions of that return. This applies to U.S. citizens, residents and domestic entities who are officers, directors or shareholders in certain foreign corporations.

The penalties for failing to timely file Form 5471 or to provide required information are as follows:

  • A $10,000 penalty per annual accounting period of each foreign corporation for which information is not provided within the prescribed time.
  • If the failure continues for more than 90 days after the IRS mails a notice, an additional $10,000 penalty per 30-day period (or part of a period) during which the failure continues, up to a maximum of $50,000.

Form 5472

Form 5472 must be filed as an attachment to the reporting corporation’s income tax return by the due date (including extensions) of that return. For foreign owned U.S. disregarded entities (DEs), this form must be attached to a pro forma Form 1120 and submitted by the same due date.

Penalties for late filing of Form 5472 include:

  • A $25,000 penalty per form if the required information is not filed on time and in accordance with the instructions.
  • An additional $25,000 penalty if the failure continues for more than 90 days after the IRS mails a notice of the failure, for each 30 day period (or part of a period) during which the failure continues.

Form 8865

Form 8865 must be filed with the filer’s income tax return by the due date including extensions of that return. This form is required for U.S. persons with certain interests in foreign partnerships​.

The penalties for failing to timely file Form 8865 or to provide the required information include the following:

  • A penalty of $10,000 is imposed for each annual accounting period of each foreign partnership for failure to furnish the required information within the time prescribed.
  • If the information is not filed within 90 days after the IRS mails a notice of the failure to the U.S. person, an additional penalty of $10,000 per foreign partnership is charged for each 30-day period, or fraction thereof, during which the failure continues after the 90-day period has expired. This additional penalty is limited to a maximum of $50,000 for each failure.

Ensuring compliance with the IRS deadlines for Forms 5471, 5472 and 8865 is critical to avoid substantial penalties. Each form has specific deadlines and associated penalties for late submission, highlighting the importance of timely and accurate filing. However, if these forms are not submitted on time, there are established processes to rectify the situation and potentially mitigate penalties. The following section will detail the steps involved in the late filing process for each form, including options for correcting errors, requesting penalty relief and using streamlined procedures for non-willful failures.

Late Filing Process

Form 5471

  1. Identify the Need for Correction: If Form 5471 is filed late or contains errors, the taxpayer must identify the inaccuracies or reasons for the delay.
  2. File a Corrected Form: A corrected Form 5471 must be submitted with an amended tax return. “Corrected” should be marked at the top of the form and an explanation of changes should be attached.
  3. Reasonable Cause Statement: If seeking penalty relief, a reasonable cause statement must be attached detailing why the form was not filed on time and what measures have been taken to prevent future delays. The IRS will evaluate this to determine if the penalties can be waived.
  4. Streamlined Filing Compliance Procedures: If the failure to file was non willful, the streamlined procedures might be used to file late returns with reduced penalties. This involves certifying non willfulness and submitting the delinquent returns along with the necessary statements and payments​.

Form 5472

  1. Filing an Extension: If anticipating a delay, an extension of time to file can be requested by submitting Form 7004 by the original due date of the tax return.
  2. File Late or Corrected Form: If Form 5472 is filed late, it should be attached to a pro forma Form 1120. The form should be marked as “Late” or “Corrected” and any relevant information that explains the delay or corrections made must be included.
  3. Reasonable Cause Relief: A detailed reasonable cause statement must be submitted to request penalty abatement. This statement should explain the reasons for the delay and steps taken to comply with filing requirements going forward​​.

Form 8865

  1. Amended Filing: If Form 8865 is found to be incomplete or incorrect, a corrected form should be filed along with an amended tax return. “Corrected” should be noted on the top of the form, with a comprehensive explanation of the corrections.
  2. Streamlined Procedures: Similar to Form 5471, taxpayers can use the streamlined procedures for non willful late filings. This involves submitting the corrected forms, certifying non willfulness and including all required documentation.
  3. Reasonable Cause Relief: A reasonable cause statement should be attached if requesting relief from penalties. This statement must thoroughly explain the circumstances leading to the late filing and actions taken to ensure timely filing in the future​​.

Timely filing of Forms 5471, 5472, and 8865 is essential for avoiding severe penalties and maintaining compliance with U.S. tax laws. Dimov Tax & CPA Services offers comprehensive support to help clients navigate these requirements and achieve favorable outcomes in case of late filings:

1. Compliance Review

A thorough review of the client’s financial and operational records is conducted to identify all filing requirements. This helps ensure that all necessary forms are identified and prepared accurately.

2. Preparation and Filing of Corrected Forms

If forms are filed late or contain errors, Dimov Tax can assist you in preparing and filing corrected forms. This includes:

  • Marking the forms as “Corrected” and attaching a detailed explanation of the changes.
  • Ensuring all required schedules and supporting documentation are accurately completed and submitted.

3. Requesting Extensions

Dimov Tax might assist in filing for extensions using Form 7004, allowing additional time to gather the necessary information and avoid immediate penalties.

4. Penalty Abatement

To reduce or eliminate penalties, Dimov Tax can assist in preparing and submitting reasonable cause statements. These statements must detail the reasons for the late filing and outline steps taken to ensure future compliance. This process involves:

  • Crafting a comprehensive explanation of circumstances leading to the late filing.
  • Gathering supporting documentation to substantiate the claim of reasonable cause.

5. Streamlined Filing Compliance Procedures

For non willful failures to file, Dimov Tax guides clients through the streamlined filing compliance procedures. This involves:

  • Certifying non willfulness.
  • Submitting delinquent returns with the required statements and payments.
  • Ensuring all procedural requirements are met to qualify for reduced penalties.

6. Audit Support and Representation

In the event of an IRS audit or examination, Dimov Tax & CPA Services provides representation and support. This includes:

  • Communicating with IRS auditors on behalf of the client.
  • Providing all necessary documentation and explanations to address IRS inquiries.
  • Strategizing responses to reduce the likelihood of additional penalties or adverse findings.

7. Ongoing Compliance Monitoring

To prevent future issues, Dimov Tax offers ongoing compliance monitoring services. This includes:

  • Regular reviews of financial activities to ensure timely and accurate reporting.
  • Keeping clients informed of changes in tax laws and regulations that may affect their filing obligations.

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